X-Rays for Cancer? When a scan is a scam

X-Rays for Cancer? When a scan is a scam

So when my Oncologist tells me that my brain is “excellent”, I decide to take that as a compliment to my intelligence.  Why not, it’s not every day anyone says something quite so flattering but, of course, he wasn’t referring to my intelligence.  He was thinking of it from a purely professional perspective and his profession is that of a doctor.  As a doctor he was referring to the lack of shrinkage or other signs of age-related deterioration but it was nevertheless very comforting when he described how many of his patients’ scans appear, by comparison.  The general review was part of the reason he was feeling so positive but most of all he was focussed on the speck, for that’s all it was, that was the remnant of my three year old tumour.  The precise definition of a speck was, apparently, 0.018cc.  As I said, a speck.  A pea, for the purposes of comparison, is approximately 0.20 cc in size whereas this white fleck on the monotone picture in front of us was nearer that of a mustard seed, though not quite as uniform given that mine is made up of the jagged remains of a dead alien lifeform.  Regardless, the point is that whatever the precise size of the speck, three years down the road what we can say for certain is that the tumour is dead, gone, finished, finito and that, quite frankly, is amazing both technologically and emotionally.

I’ve got used to Connor over the years so I know that good news always comes first and the more difficult stuff is pushed further down the queue. This in spite of the fact that he was emphatically instructed on that very first day that I only take good news, so good news is all he’s allowed to deliver. For the most part he complies but on occasion he has little choice but to tell the truth. One such day was the one where he reviewed my thoracic CT scan and spent some time sharing the good news. My right lung may have said goodbye to one half of its former substance but, aside from the obvious scars of emphysema he focussed on the lack of any new lesions (tumours) and the fact that the remaining tissue had expanded fully to become the same size as the original whole lung, yay! Then his demeanour changed for the worse as he prepared to show me the second CT, the one I had asked for of my head and neck. I couldn’t say for sure why I asked for it, I think I was fearing Oesophogeal cancer, following the departure from this mortal coil of the wonderful Christopher Hitchens courtesy of that very thing. Whatever the trigger for it, it turned out to be the best call I’ve ever made in my life even though that wasn’t how it felt in that moment as Connor announced that the 21mm diameter spherical object in the centre of my skull was not supposed to be there. It was so perfectly formed and so centrally aligned that it looked as if it belonged. It didn’t. Not a brain tumour, per se but rather a lung cancer tumour in my brain, one that likely grew from a single, solitary cell that found its way into this cosy, protected womb and decided to set up home and raise a family of other little cells just as all living things are wont to do when good circumstances such as this contrive to provide a protective, nurturing environment. My worst nightmare.

A recent article from Yale University  states: “Most patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has metastasized to the brain have a dire prognosis.” It goes on: “NSCLC accounts for 85% of all lung cancers, with 30%–50% of patients developing metastatic disease to the brain. Typically, patients with this diagnosis die of the disease within seven months.” So, yes, I do feel lucky but it’s a relative term, I assure you. What the article doesn’t mention is the benefit of Gamma Knife treatment to destroy these critters incredibly effectively so I’ve written to them to tell them of their oversight. The other thing this article and most medical practice overlooks is that if 30-50% of lung cancer patients develop a metastasis in the brain, why isn’t a follow-up MRI of the head a de facto part of the standard treatment plan. Oh, that’s right, it costs a little money….and I suppose that if general wisdom is that the prognosis is “dire” and the average life span just “seven months”, then why bother?


So, when the focus this time was all about the good news evidenced by the MRI of my brain, my natural caution had me, well, trepidacious of the prospect of reviewing my thoracic CT. I needn’t have worried. The news there was every bit as wonderful. Given that my whole body PET-CT, just six months ago, was all clear there were no rational grounds for my concern but when you’ve trodden this path a while you come to recognise that the brain, even one in excellent condition, doesn’t always obey the entirely rational when it comes to the fear created by cancer. So, three years for my brain, four years for my lungs, that’s almost a clean bill of health and, whether it is or not, that’s the way I chose to interpret it. As Connor said, nothing’s changed, Robin. You still have the same DNA, the same physiology. In short, all the same circumstances that attracted the alien in the first place and if another passing alien happens along there’s nothing to say it won’t choose to stop over and stay a while. That’s the reality. Sure, the fact that I’ve since stopped smoking must help, but the previous fifty years of inhaling carcinogens have already had their effect on my cell structures in such a way as to open them up to the possibility of mutation into alien form. My fault entirely but that doesn’t lessen the impact, believe me.

So there it is, I’m healthy from head to toe. I’m sort of happy about that, relieved. So why no euphoria? Difficult to say, everything about this whole journey is difficult to describe, emotionally. It’s literally life-changing, obviously but ever so confusing.

And while I’m getting my good news, my lovely friend and Irish earth mother/grandmother/wife of my good friend is recovering in ICU in Ireland following a full pneumonectomy. That’s a whole lung removal as opposed to my lobectomy. In some respects she’s in exactly the same boat as me. A life-long smoker, approximately the same age and with the exact same type of non-small-cell carcinoma in her right lung. The difference, mine was Stage II, hers Stage III. Hers was once Stage II of course and her experience could have been the same as mine but for the criminal failures of her consultant and GP. She presented in June 2015 having had a sequence of chest infections, one a month for several months, which had not responded to antibiotics. That’s about item #1 or #2 on the list of top ten symptoms of lung cancer. So, what does the consultant do? He orders an xray. Now, for those who aren’t familiar with all this medical technicality, here’s the thing. Some tumours show on an xray, many don’t. So if, like me, it shows then you’re sure of the diagnosis and you get on with it. If you’re like my friend and nothing shows on the xray there is only one thing you can deduce and that is that you know no more following the xray than you did before and so you need a CT scan. But there is always the other option, I suppose. You could be a dumb, lazy, negligent twit who’s in the wrong job and you could just deduce that because my friend was a smoker and you have no evidence of cancer then, well, it must be emphysema, right?  (COPD as it’s now defined). No need to rush now, just advise the patient to give up smoking and Bob’s your uncle. Or, as is much more likely, your Stage II/III tumour turns into Stage III/IV as it did for my friend. I told Connor about it. He shook his head and gritted his teeth. He sees it at least once, often twice a week, every week. A patient presents with clear symptoms that could indicate lung cancer and off they go for the xray. That’s fine as a cost saving exercise if you assume that 60% of cancers will show up on the xray thus saving the cost of a CT but against that has to be set the additional cost of sending every one who has a clear xray for a secondary scan by CT in order to rule out the inability of xrays to show many tumours. These people have to get with the programme and if someone is presenting with symptoms then get them to a CT straight away. That way there’s no guesswork, there’s no ifs, buts or maybes. Whatever you do, you don’t let your own prejudices get in the way of your diagnosis and, if the xray is clear then, AS A MATTER OF ROUTINE, you go for a CT without hesitation. Why does it matter? It’s simple really. My Stage II tumour, precisely because it was Stage II, was a nicely behaved alien keeping itself to itself and once removed by the lobectomy left me with no need for chemotherapy given there was no metastasis and the tumour had not spread to the lymph system. Give it a further six months to gestate and you get yourself a Stage III tumour which might well metastasise, though my friend’s hasn’t, or it’ll grow until it takes in a lymph node, as hers has. Now you need chemotherapy, for sure, and the chances of a full all clear are greatly reduced – not entirely, she has a very good chance with the chemo of making a full recovery but if she does, it’ll be no thanks to her negligent doctors. Six months after that xray, my friend starts coughing blood. That’s the Stage III, right there and it should never have happened, damn them.

So there I am digesting the complicated and confusing news that I might just live forever, or thereabouts, whilst worrying about my friend who has a terrifying ride ahead of her with no guarantee as to outcome. A bit like survivor guilt, I guess. I just want her and everyone else to have the quality of care and the luck that I’ve had. You can’t distribute luck fairly but you can damn well make sure that everyone gets the same quality of care. Unfortunately the Irish health service is not even as good as the British NHS, and that’s bad enough in this respect, but there’s is some years behind that and, consequently, patients will pay with their lives. If one person reads this, patient or doctor and acts accordingly, I’ll have lived my extra years for good reason.

A Fine Human Being

Yesterday I learned this world lost one of its best.  I learned of it belatedly and I am very affected by the news.  Prof. Andy Burroughs was one of those very special human beings.  He was clever, exceedingly clever but he was also a very nice person, a warm and caring doctor, an exemplary physician who did not always display what is commonly referred to as a good bedside manner.  Do I care?  Not one jot.  He wasn’t one to waste words, in my experience.  His skill, his knowledge, his clinical rationale, his curiosity and his decisive actions spoke volumes.  From the moment I met him I knew this was a physician I could trust.  I respected his analytical approach, I related to it entirely, it comforted me, I knew this was someone I could surrender to.

I had read up on him widely before we met so I had high expectations and he didn’t disappoint.  His wikipedia entry did not exist at that time but a man this good has a lot of references so that was no hindrance to me.  When I found that he studied under Sheila Sherlock  (who did have a page then and much more besides) I knew he was going to be someone special.  When we first met I asked if what was written about her was true and he replied that it was all true but not all of it had yet been written.

Of his achievements and background I am not qualified to speak but this obituary  written by Professor Roger Williams, CBE, Director, Institute of Hepatology, London is a fine one.

What it and all other literature I can find today fails to mention is how this wonderful man died.  It’s a very important piece of information especially to me.  To die aged just sixty years old is a travesty, especially when one is this special, when one has done so much to save the lives of so many others and to improve the lives of countless more.  What I learned today, a full one year and nine months after the event, is that as a cruel irony , given his world-beating expertise in this area, The Prof died of pancreatic cancer.  Very few people survive that one, even when surrounded by the absolute best that medical science has to offer.  In Prof Burroughs’ case he survived very much longer than most, over a year, and like the exemplary individual he was, he continued working, helping others in need, until very close to the end.  I’m sure in some way that it helped him to do that. I’m equally sure that I wasn’t the only one blissfully unaware of his condition because that would be like him too.  Discretion.

Such was my respect for him that I decided to ask something of him that I thought was a real stretch, one very few in his esteemed position would have spared a thought for.  I asked him if he would, in the absence of that historic icon, the family doctor, assume the role of GP to my wife so that I could be sure that her disparate clinical needs were being looked after by someone I trusted.  I wrote him a long letter and without fuss or comment he simply adopted that role.  I can’t imagine I’ll ever get that lucky again, lucky enough to find such an eminent and skilled doctor humble enough to accept such a role.  Such a fine human being.  Thank you Andy Burroughs, Prof.